Antioxidants For Your Health
Antioxidants For Your Health
Antioxidants are a broad group of compounds that destroy free radicals, in the body, thereby protecting against oxidative damage to cells. Free radicals are molecules with at least one unpaired electron. As a consequence, they are highly unstable and reactive, always cruising around aggressively looking for other compounds from which they can "steal" electrons such as DNA, fats and protein, in an effort to become stabilized. This causes oxidative damage to tissues and cells.
Free radical damage is implicated in the development and spread of many degenerative diseases including heart disease and Alzheimer\'s . Things like air pollution, smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise, oral contraceptives, UV rays and many man-made chemicals increase our free radical exposure. Antioxidants are essential for good health and are found naturally in a wide variety of foods and plants, including many fruits and vegetables.
Research indicates that a diverse selection of antioxidants may be more important for protecting the body against free radical damage than a high dose of a single antioxidant. Different antioxidants scavenge different types of free radicals, so a combination of antioxidants provides a stronger antioxidant shield to protect the body. Vitamin C, for example, recycles vitamin E to replenish it and selenium works in concert with vitamin E. Zinc is then needed to maintain normal blood concentrations of vitamin E , showing that a combination of antioxidants gives you the most beneficial antioxidant intake.
Maxi AntioX Supreme is unique in that it contains 22 of the finest, most potent antioxidants providing you the maximum benefits to support and maintain cardiovascular and eye health and immune function.
Some scientific evidence suggests that consumption of antioxidant vitamins may reduce the risk of certain forms of cancer. However, FDA has determined that this evidence is limited and not conclusive.
Vitamin A as Betatene® natural mixed carotenoids contains several carotenoids derived from Dunaliella salina algae. Betatene® provides a unique combination of important carotenoids that are found in many fruits and vegetables. Those include beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthin.
Carotenoids play diverse roles in health. Carotenoids are most well known for their vitamin A activity. Emerging science suggests additional roles for carotenoids such as antioxidant activity, immune system support and skin health. Many epidemiology studies suggest that fruits and vegetables rich in carotenoids promote total health. Beta-carotene with other carotenoids is being studied for its potential effects on skin and eye health. Research suggests that natural beta- carotene sourced from algae, mixed with other carotenoids, may help maintain healthy skin. In the recent AREDS2 eye health study, beta-carotene mixed with other antioxidants was shown to help maintain eye health.
While all curcuminoids are antioxidants, a standardized extract seems to be the strongest, most concentrated free radical destroyer. In addition when put together with other antioxidants, such as Vitamins A and C, Curcumin has been proven to work synergistically giving you one of the most powerful bioprotectant available.
Lycored - Numerous epidemiological studies have demonstrated the beneficial health effects of tomatoes, tomato products and/or tomato phytonutrients. Many of these benefits have been attributed to the antioxidant and free radical quenching activity of the carotenoids (lycopene, beta-carotene, phytoene, phytofluene) and tocopherols (vitamin E) that occur naturally in tomatoes and tomato extract.
Beta-carotene serves as an important safe source of vitamin A, an essential nutrient. Supplements of vitamin A can cause toxicity at high doses, but beta-carotene, also called provitamin A, is converted into vitamin A (retinol) only as the body requires it, preventing vitamin A toxicity.
Vitamin C as Ester C® is a water-soluble vitamin that has a number of biological functions. Acting as a powerful antioxidant, one of vitamin C\'s important functions is to support overall heart health from oxidative damage. , Vitamin C also supports a healthy circulatory systemand is thought to protect the eyes, as well as smokers and people exposed to secondhand smoke, from the harmful effects of free radicals. Ester C® is a non acidic and natural vitamin C is more gentle on the stomach and more readily absorbed than ordinary vitamin C`s.
Vitamin E (Natural), an essential nutrient, is one of nature\'s most powerful free radical quenchers - and the body\'s principal fat-soluble antioxidant. Much of the body\'s free radical damage occurs in fats, such as cholesterol, and in fatty membranes of cells - exactly where vitamin E protects the body. As a major "chain-breaking" antioxidant (free radical scavenger), vitamin E halts the cascade of free radical damage in cells. And as mounting evidence shows, the powerful benefits of vitamin E extend throughout the body. The U.S. National Academy of Sciences has officially recognized that natural vitamin E (d-alpha tocopherol) is twice as potent and retained twice as well as synthetic. This means twice as much natural vitamin E reaches the blood and organs compared to synthetic.
Vitamin B-6 is the master vitamin in the processing of amino acids-the building blocks of all proteins and some hormones. B6 is necessary to maintain healthy homocysteine levels in the blood. Homocysteine (an intermediate in the conversion of the amino acid methionine to cysteine) can be harmful at high levels. Studies suggest high homocysteine may be a risk factor for heart disease and is thought to affect vascular health and promote accumulation of fatty deposits in the inner linings of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Vitamin B6 supports healthy homocysteine levels and is important for immune system function, especially with the elderly.
Zinc, a mineral essential to human health, may help protect cells against oxidative damage. In a study conducted by the Agricultural Research Service, scientists have pinpointed the mineral\'s little-known role as an antioxidant. Zinc may safeguard red blood cell membranes against oxidative effects of other minerals such as copper or iron. Cell membranes keep cell contents in place and selectively allow salts and other compounds to flow in and out. Zinc is needed for proper maintenance of vitamin E levels in the blood and in the absorption of vitamin A. A deficiency of zinc may cause fingernails to become thin, peel and develop white spots.
Selenium is an essential trace element and a component of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase, a powerful antioxidant. Selenium functions as an antioxidant in partnership with vitamin E to protect tissues and cell membranes from oxidative damage. Selenium plays an important role in cardiovascular and prostate health and is important for proper immune system function. . Selenium may reduce the risk of certain cancers. Some scientific evidence suggests that consumption of selenium may reduce the risk of certain forms of cancer. However, FDA has determined that this evidence is limited and not conclusive The largest ever study, now underway funded by the National Cancer Institute, on the effects of selenium and vitamin E for the prevention of prostate cancer, has chosen Selenium Select, the form found in Maxi AntioX Supreme.
Selenium Select® is an organic form of selenium also known as L- (+)-selenomethionine is significantly better absorbed and retained in the body than inorganic forms like sodium selenite and sodium selenate. L- (+)-Selenomethionine is the preferred form of selenium supplementation due to its inherent safety and its scientific recognition as the most bioavailable form of selenium. It is important to recognize that "chelates" and "organically bound" forms of selenium are not similar to Selenium Select®\'s L- (+)-Selenomethionine. Both these forms release inorganic selenium into the body. Selenium Select® is unique in that the selenomethionine is a single chemical entity containing molecularly integrated selenium.
Alpha-Lipoic Acid a unique sulfur-containing nutrient is called the "perfect or universal antioxidant". Alpha-lipoic acid has functions as both a water- and fat-soluble antioxidant. This unique ability of alpha-lipoic acid to be active in water and lipid compartments of the body is important because most antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, are effective in only one area or the other. For instance vitamin C is usually restricted to the interior compartment of cells and the watery portion of blood, while vitamin E embeds itself in the fatty portion of cell membranes. Adding to the potential importance of alpha-lipoic acid is its role in the production of glutathione, one of the chief antioxidants produced directly by the body that acts to increase the levels of Co Q (ubiquinone), which recycles Vitamin E. By virtue of its high absorption and bioavailability, ALA rapidly reaches the tissues in the body. In addition to the fact that Alpha lipoic acid has the ability to scavenge the body for disease-causing free radicals, it has been shown to restore liver health, support healthy regulation of blood sugar and protects the nervous system. ALA is involved in the conversation of carbohydrates and fats into energy, as such it became known is a co-factor for energy production.
Bilberry an herb related to blueberry is rich in powerful antioxidants called anthocyanidins and other flavonoids, which can protect capillaries from free radical damage. Bilberry has been known to protect the eyes and enhances vision, particularly night vision. (As a matter of fact some of the health effects of eating bilberries to promote good vision came to light during World War II when English bomber pilots reported an increase in their night vision after eating bilberry jam.)
Burdock Root, a well-known source of natural minerals, essential oils and other compounds is traditionally described as a blood purifier by helping the kidneys to filter out impurities from the blood very quickly. As Burdock contains vitamin E, zinc and selenium, it can eliminate free radicals. The anecdotal beneficial effects of this herb include increasing circulation to the skin and helping to detoxify the epidermal tissues.
Co Enzyme Q10, also known as Ubiquinone, has remained on the forefront of research worldwide. It is a powerful antioxidant that protects the body from free radical damage. It is a coenzyme to all the cells in the body, especially those with high metabolic demands, like heart, liver and immune cells. Co Q10 has shown great benefits in strengthening the heart muscle and has a positive effect on heart muscle function. It does this by preventing the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, which can begin the buildup of plaque on the artery walls and lead to heart conditions. To start the process that creates energy in the human body "ignition" is required. Co Q10 10 also referred to as the "sparks of life" provides this ignition by transforming the food we eat into energy and by powering the muscles through the use of oxygen. It is a vital catalyst in the reaction of the energy that cells need for life. Without Co Q10 in the cell, there is no ignition, the chain of cellular energy is broken and the energy process can\'t move on.
Co Q10 also plays a role in immunity. Co Q does not increase production of new immune cells, but actually increases the potential of the already existing cells and their chemical defenses helping them fight radical damage. Co Q has demonstrated excellent results in clinical trials on periodontal (gum) health. It is noted that people with periodontal disease were often deficient in Co Q10. Studies have been positive in showing a speedup of healing time, reduced pockets, and improvements in other factors associated with gum disease when supplementing with this vital nutrient. (A sufficient intake of CoQ10 will help regenerate other antioxidants such as Vitamin E.)
Curcumin (Curcuma Longa) also known as Turmeric, is one of natures most powerful antioxidantsIts active component curcuminoids act unlike many other antioxidants since it is capable of not only stopping the progress of free radicals but also preventing them from occurring in the first place. Curcumin has been shown to inhibit lipid peroxidation thus reducing inflammation by lowering histamine levels and possibly by increasing the production of natural cortisone by the adrenal glands. Curcumin inhibits enzymes, which participate in the synthesis of inflammatory substances in the body. Curcumin has the ability to neutralize free radical activity by removing the oxidized cholesterol and has also been shown to improve circulation.
Dimethylglycine (DMG) is a well-known amino acid, which greatly improves the nutritional environment of all the cells in the body. It is a metabolic enhancer that has many different benefits. It supports a healthy cardiovascular, immune and circulatory system and enhances brain function. DMG is a nutritional factor that has been found to be beneficial to cardiovascular function. It supports oxygen delivery to the heart and improves the characteristics of the blood. Studies showed that when supplementing with DMG there was an overall improvement in the areas of coronary circulation, and overall cardiovascular performance. DMG greatly supports a healthy immune system. It acts as a detoxifying agent and antioxidant, protecting body cells from unwanted reactions caused by free radicals. . One specific study showed that oral supplementation of DMG can strengthen the immune system and scavange free radicals. DMG can also act as a precursor to a number of amino acids that aid in brain function and support a healthy neurological system. DMG increases the transport of oxygen from the blood to the brain and is a key to memory and mental performance.
Grapeseed extract, a key anti-aging formula is the primary source of a group of powerful antioxidants known as OPC\'s (Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins). OPC`s may be the most concentrated antioxidants available. The benefit of a highly concentrated antioxidant is that it enables the body to obtain protection against free radicals in cells that have limited blood flow, such as the linings of joints, the elastin under the skin, and neurons that are naturally "protected" by the bloodbrain barrier.
Procyanidins, are thought to increase the effectiveness of other antioxidants, especially vitamin C and vitamin E, by helping them regenerate after neutralizing free radicals in the blood and tissue. Grapeseed/OPC\'s gives nutritional support for a healthy cardiovascular and circulatory system. It has high bioavailability, reinforces collagen and supports the connective tissue for healthy skin. The polyphenols in grapeseed support cardiovascular wellness is by boosting the activity of vitamin C, which in turns increases the levels of vitamin E. This synergy increases the overall resistance to oxidative stress. Procyanidins have been reported to improve the biological properties of blood vessels. They bind to the walls of the capillaries, making them less likely to break down thus strengthening the veins, capillaries and promoting circulation. In vitro, grape se.ed-skin extract has been shown to have antioxidant action 50 times greater than vitamin E and 20 times greater than vitamin C.
One of the extract\'s most popular uses is in promoting healthy skin. Collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid all participate in keeping the skin healthy. OPCs help keep these substances in good shape by blocking enzymes that might disrupt their chemical structure. The OPCs in grape seed extract work by protecting the cells against free radicals, and binding to collagen thereby promoting youthful skin, healthy cells, cellular elasticity and flexibility, making it one of the most effective ingredients in skincare , .
Green tea is much more than just a refreshing beverage tea. It provides many proven health benefits as well. The Chinese and Japanese have enjoyed green tea\'s healing qualities for thousands of years but it hasn\'t been until recently that scientific research has proven the health benefits of drinking green tea. Green tea contains a high content of various antioxidant compounds. Polyphenolic catechins, such as catechin,epi-catechin, epi-gallocatechin (EGC), and EGC gallate (EGCG). found in green tea, have shown strong antioxidant and free radical oxygen scavenging properties. It is one of the most potent natural antioxidant compounds known, exhibiting 100 times the antioxidative capacity of vitamin C, and twenty times that of vitamin E. Vitamins C and E and beta carotene are also prevalent in green tea. Studies have shown that green tea, and green tea extracts, are more efficient free radical scavengers than Vitamin E and C. As an antioxidant Green tea stimulates the body\'s production of antioxidant and detoxifing enzymes to counteract free radicals and oxidation . This is attributed to the presence of a group of polyphenol such as EGCG. These compounds promote health by preventing lipid oxidation. Scientists suspect that green tea may boost heart health because it contains high levels of substances called flavonoids. These plant compounds, found in tea are thought to boost health in part by combating oxidation.. Green tea has been shown to protect the blood vessels and support overall cardiovascular wellness. Green tea also inhibits lipid peroxidation. Research suggests that green tea catechins suppress the action of the enzyme glucosyl transferase. This enzyme is used by bacteria to convert sugars and other foods into non-water-soluble glucans, which adhere to the teeth as plaque, and form a \'bridge\' to which the bacteria may then attach to the teeth.
L-Glutathione, also known as GSH is the body\'s own health AID - Antioxidant, Immune Booster and Detoxifier. Working intra and extra-cellularly in its reduced form, glutathione acts as the body\'s key antioxidant, detoxificant and protectant. It works to support a healthy immune system. GSH levels inside the cells must be maintained in order to have healthy cells and a strong defense system. Without adequate levels of glutathione, your cells would disintegrate from unrestrained oxidation suggesting that depletion of GSH in the body is associated with increased risks of toxicity. Gluthatione must work synergistically with other cellular enzymes and antioxidants, such as Glutathione peroxidase, Selenium and Vitamins C and E to provide maximum beneficial effects against free radicals. For synergistic purposes, selenium, works as a cofactor for the enzyme glutathione peroxidase. Since this enzyme cannot work properly without a cofactor, selenium plays a critical role in the synergistic process as it enables GSH and glutathione peroxidase to work together, synergistically, to obliterate oxidative stress. Vitamins C and E play a similar role. While both vitamins act as protective antioxidants in the body, they become oxidized in the process of neutralizing free radicals and must be restored to their antioxidant state. GSH regenerates them back to their useful, antioxidant status. Glutathione is food for the immune system. It is what the body uses to repair damaged DNA and ward off free radicals . Glutathione helps the body detoxify pollutants. As glutathione levels drop, a persons immune defense drops as well since less toxins are able to be eliminated from the body leading to a build up of toxins. White blood cells are particularly sensitive to changes in glutathione levels, and even subtle changes may have profound effects on the immune response. As an antioxidant, glutathione is essential for allowing white blood cells to express their full potential, without being hampered by accumulation of harmful by-products of cellular metabolism during the development of the immune response. The highest concentration of glutathione is found in the liver which is the principal organ involved in the detoxification and elimination of toxic materials.
Bioflavonoids are a group of naturally occurring plant compounds, which exhibit a host of biological activities, most notably their powerful antioxidant properties. In fact, many medicinal herbs owe their curative actions to bioflavonoids. Bioflavonoids are present along with vitamin C in the rinds of fruit. They work with other antioxidants, to offer a system of protection. Bioflavonoids help the body maintain health and function in many ways. They have been shown to promote structure and function in the circulatory system. Bioflavonoids is an important cofactor for Vitamin C. It helps vitamin C keep collagen in healthy condition, is essential for the proper absorption and use of vitamin C and prevents Vitamin C from being destroyed in the body by oxidation. Bioflavonoids are vital in their ability to increase the strength of the capillaries and to regulate their permeability. They have been shown to improved vein tone, strengthen capillary resistance, and support overall vein health. A study showed that these amazing flavonoids were able to improve the elasticity of veins as well as help the capillaries by reducing permeability and leakage and supporting circulation A deficiency in these nutrients may result in varicose veins, a tendency to bruise and bleed easily.
L-Methionine is an essential amino acids, meaning that it cannot be produced by the body, and must be provided by the diet. It supplies sulfur and other compounds required by the body for normal metabolism and growth. Methionine is a great antioxidant as the sulfur it supplies inactivates free radicals and protects the cells from airborne pollutants. The mineral sulphur improves the tone and pliability of the skin, conditions the hair and strengthens the nails as well. Methionine is essential for the absorption, transportation and bio-availability of selenium and zinc in the body and acts as a lipotropic agent to prevent excess fat buildup in the liver. Research shows that the bioavailability of the phytonutrients in the tomato is increased by the processing of the tomato and by the presence of oil. . Lycopene is an all-natural extract of red, ripe tomatoes. Lycopene is valued as a dietary supplement and functional food ingredient because it provides a full complement of tomato carotenoids and other nutrients to benefit good health. The synergy of the natural tomato lycopene, phytoene, phytofluene, beta-carotene, phytosterols, and vitamin E results in enhanced activity and this means greater health benefits for you. Research has shown LYC-O-MATO® helps support prostate, heart and skin health. A daily LYC-O-MATO® dietary supplement is particularly beneficial to smokers and those exposed to environmental pollutants, which increase the risk of damage from oxygen free radicals. A diet rich in carotenoids and tocopherols, like those found naturally in Lycored tomato extract, gives front line support to the antioxidant system as it protects our cells from free radical attack and supports a healthy immune system. Finally, because the natural mechanism that protects us from free radicals weakens with age, older adults need to insure that tomato phytonutrients are a part of their daily diet.
Milk Thistle - The liver is the largest, most complex organ in the human body. It detoxifies the blood and performs numerous vital functions on a continuous basis. Poor liver function may have an effect on overall health and vitality. The liver can malfunction and become overburdened for many reasons. When the liver is unhealthy, many functions go unattended. Toxins are no longer filtered out efficiently and may build up in the body. Milk thistle nutritionally supports the liver\'s ability to maintain normal liver function. It is a well known antioxidant that is more potent than vitamins C and E. Milk Thistle is best known as the producer of the liver protectant known as silymarin, a group of milk thistle flavonoids. Silymarin is known to protect the liver by altering and strengthening the structure of outer cell membranes of hepatocytes (liver cells), preventing toxins from entering the liver cells, and by stimulating the regenerative ability of the liver and the formation of new hepatocytes through the activation of enzymes . Milk thistle is required to be standardized and rendered to concentrated forms to be effectively used for desired medicinal purposes, which, in this case, is as a hepatoprotectant. In general, milk thistle extracts are standardized to a concentration of 70-80% of flavone (silymarin). Silymarin can also be attributed to its ability to increase the intracellular concentration of glutathione, a substance required for detoxicating reactions in liver cells.
N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine, known as "NAC" provides powerful immune support and also packs powerful anti-toxin potential. Its ability to neutralize cells and DNA damaging free radicals can help slow down what many scientists point to as a key factor in the aging process. NAC is a more stable form of L-Cysteine because NAC has all the properties of L-Cysteine but is more water soluble and said to be more bioavailable than L-Cysteine because it has an acetyl group (CH3CO) attached to it. NAC is a precursor of our body\'s most powerful antioxidant, glutathione and may be the most cost effective way to boost Glutathione levels in the body. NAC has been shown to play a protective role against a variety of toxic hazards such as cigarette smoke, auto exhaust and certain herbicides. It can also play a beneficial role in prostate and respiratory conditions. For example, NAC has well established antimucolytic (anti-mucous) properties and has been shown to increase mucocilary transport in smokers thus NAC supports healthy lungs.
Lutein is a carotenoid found in vegetables and fruits that acts as an antioxidant, protecting cells against the damaging effects of free radicals. Test tube studies conducted by the Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) suggest that lutein may be just as effective at combating free radicals as vitamin E, which is a potent antioxidant. Recent evidence has found that lutein may play an important role in protecting our eyes and eyesight. Concentrated mainly in the lens and retina of the eye, lutein may help to protect vision by neutralizing free radicals and by increasing the density of eye pigment. Lutein may also shield the eyes from the destructive effects of sunlight. It works by acting directly as a kind of natural sunblock, and also by neutralizing free radicals that can damage the eye. A landmark Dutch study of men showed that taking 10 milligrams of lutein daily for three months increased thickness in the eye\'s center (macula) by 22%.
Garlic is among the few herbs that are universally used and recognized for its beneficial effects. Its daily use aids and supports the body in ways that no other herb does. Garlic contains a wide range of trace minerals. These include copper, iron, zinc, magnesium, germanium, and selenium. In addition, garlic contains many sulfur compounds, vitamins A and C, and various amino acids. When garlic is chewed, chopped, bruised, or cut, its active component allicin is released breakings down into other sulfur compounds. These compounds have a variety of overlapping healing properties. Various preparations of garlic, mainly aged garlic extract (AGE), have been shown to have promising antioxidant potential. As mentioned, garlic\'s usefulness in promoting overall health is wide-ranging. Many studies have suggested that garlic supports a healthy heart. These benefits are probably due to garlic\'s ability to lower total cholesterol, LDL, or "bad," cholesterol and triglycerides, and increase HDL cholesterol, the so-called "good" cholesterol. In addition, garlic may support the overall health of the circulatory system Rounding out garlic\'s benefits for the cardiovascular system is its function as an antioxidant and its role in supporting heart health . Current studies show that garlic can improve immune function. It helps the body detoxify. Its active components allicin and alliin contributes to its antioxidant properties helping the body fight against bacteria and fungi.